Now something of a world music veteran, Joachim Cooder began to play drums at the age of five and studied world percussion at California Institute of the Arts. He was just 18 when he travelled to Havana in 1996 to play on the Buena Vista Social Club™ sessions. “He showed he has a real feel for Cuban music,” according to seasoned timbales player Amadito Valdés, who played alongside him in the percussion section. He has since participated in a wide number of other productions, performances and film scores, and has his own band Radio Bemba.
A founding member of the group Sierra Maestra in 1976, Alberto ‘Virgilio’ Valdés remains one of the lead singers. They were the first group of the modern era to play in the old 1920-30s style son line-up: tres, guitar, trumpet, bongo, güiro and vocal. They have been the pioneers in reviving this style for new generations, reintroducing it into the Cuban mainstream, and playing for audiences around the world. Was brought into the Buena Vista fold by his former colleague in that band, Juan de Marcos González. Virgilio is number one choice in Havana as a session player on maracas and as a coro singer and he has featured on all of World Circuit’s Havana recordings.
Compay Segundo by Christien Jaspars
A towering, charismatic presence in Afro-Cuban music, Compay Segundo was quite simply – as Ry Cooder once put it -“the last of the best’. Born Francisco Repilado, he composed his first song at the age of fifteen, by which time he was already an accomplished guitarist and clarinettist. Before long he had invented his own instrument, the armónico, a seven-string hybrid between a guitar and a tres, which gave his playing the unique, ringing resonance which was later to characterise his thrilling signature tune, Chan Chan. During the 1920s and 1930s he played with some of the best bands of the era, including the Municipal Band of Havana, Conjunto Matamoros and Nico Saquito’s quintet. In the 1940s he found fame as one half of the Los Compadres duo with Lorenzo Hierrezuelo, before forming his own group, Compay Segundo and his Muchachos, in the 1950s. Both an innovator and a traditionalist, he continued working with his own group until his death in 2003 at the grand old age of 95.
Buena Vista Social Club™’s leading lady Omara Portuondo began her career not as a singer but as a dancer at the fabled Tropicana cabaret in Havana. In 1952 she and her older sister, Haydee teamed up with Elena Burke and Moraima Secada to form the vocal group Cuarteto D’Aida, backed by the pianist Aida Diestro. The group toured America, performed with Nat King Cole at the Tropicana and recorded an album for RCA Victor before the revolution put an end to such possibilities, although she continued to sing with the group until 1967 when she launched a solo career. She achieved great success in Cuba as a leading voice in the ‘feelin’ style. When a female voice was required for the Buena Vista sessions in 1996, she was the perfect choice, collaborating memorably with Compay Segundo on Veinte Años. Subsequently her duet with Ibrahim Ferrer on Silencio became a highlight of Wim Wenders’s documentary and the Buena Vista live shows. She has since recorded two albums for World Circuit with Buena Vista Social Club™ Presents Omara Portuondo (2000) and Flor de Amor (2004). In 2007 she performed the title role in Lizt Alfonso’s dance musical Vida and in 2008 released an album of duets with the Brazilian singer Maria Bethania as well as the Latin GRAMMY winning solo album Gracias.
Hailing from the countryside near Santiago in the east of Cuba, Eliades Ochoa’s roots are in guajira (Cuban country music) and his trademark cowboy hat and penchant for wearing black have led some to dub him ‘Cuba’s Johnny Cash’. He began playing the guitar when he was six, making a living playing in the cafes and brothels around Santiago. Such was his local reputation that in 1978 he joined Cuarteto Patria, becoming the leader of the legendary group that has been keeping the tradition of Cuban folk music alive since 1940. Not long before he was recruited for the Buena Vista album he had been working with Compay Segundo reviving the master’s career and recording the first version of Chan Chan with him. His contribution to the Buena Vista Social Club™ sessions included his distinctive guitar playing and his lead vocals on El Cuarto de Tula and his own guajira showcase on El Carretero. Away from the Buena Vista connection, he recorded the 1998 album CubAfrica with Manu Dibango and several solo releases, including 1999’s Sublime Ilusión, and Estoy Como Nunca in 2002. He continues to tour regularly. He currently lives in Havana where he is preparing a new album.
A professional trumpet player for almost 60 years, Mirabal joined the Cuban jazz band ‘Swing Casino’ in 1953. Three years later he formed the ‘Conjunto Rumbavana’ and in 1960 he joined the Orquesta Riverside, whose singer Tito Gomez gave him his nickname ‘Guajiro’. He also played with a variety of other top bands, including Orquesta del ICRT the official orchestra of Cuban state radio and television. In 1996 he became a key member of the extended Buena Vista Social Club™ family, playing on all three albums recorded over that extraordinary fortnight in Havana. His vibrant trumpet playing has since been heard on many of World Circuit’s Cuban releases and his own 2004 album, Buena Vista Social Club™ Presents Manuel Guajiro Mirabal, found him paying tribute to the music of Cuban legend Arsenio Rodriguez. In 2008 he’s still touring to popular acclaim as one of the stars of the Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club™ show.
The heartbeat of the Buena Vista Social Club™ with his fluid, virtuoso bass playing, Orlando ‘Cachaíto’ López hailed from a family of influential Cuban bass players: his uncle, Israel (a.k.a. Cachao) together with his father Orestes (a.k.a. Macho) created the mambo while members of Arcano’s group in the 1940’s. His uncle Cachao also played a crucial role in the development of the improvisational Afro-Cuban jazz style known as descarga of which Cachaíto was a master. An amazingly versatile musician, Cachaíto played classical music with Cuba’s Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional, Cuban jazz and pop with Irakeke, doo wop with Los Zafiros and descarga with Los Amigos . His warm presence can be heard on all but one of the 14 tracks on the original Buena Vista Social Club studio album and he has since been a fixture on virtually all of the associated tours and recording sessions. His own experimental World Circuit album “Cachaíto” (2001) is regarded by many critics as one of the finest releases in the Buena Vista series. Cachaíto was the bedrock of Ibrahim Ferrer’s and Rubén González’s bands and in his last years he kept the groove in the Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club™. He died in Havana in 2009, at the age of 76.
‘Puntillita’ began singing at the age of seven and joined the ‘Orchestra Liceo’ in 1941. A star of the golden era of the big bands of the 1940s & 1950s, he sang with several of Havana’s finest orchestras, including those led by Adolfo Guzman, Roberto Faz and Cascarito. He also sang with the legendary Sonara Matancera (with whom Celia Cruz also once sang). In the mid-1990s Juan de Marcos González asked him to join the Afro-Cuban All Stars and he also appeared on Buena Vista Social Club™, taking the lead vocal on La Bayamesa and singing with Ibrahim Ferrer and Eliades Ochoa on El Cuarta De Tula. He died in 2000 at the age of 73.
Ry Cooder famously likened Rubén González’s piano playing to “a cross between Thelonius Monk and Felix the Cat” and his renaissance in his 80s when he became an international star was one of the great elements in the Buena Vista Social Club™ story. Over a long career dating back to the 1940s he played with many of the great Cuban bandleaders including Arsenio Rodríguez (in one of the maestro’s first great conjuntos) and Enrique Jorrín (creator of the cha-cha-cha and was one of a trio of virtuoso pianists (with Luis ‘Lili’ Martínez and Peruchín) who helped lay the foundation of the modern Cuban piano style. He travelled extensively in Latin America in the 1940’s and 1950’s and was a major soloist in Havana’s all-star Estrellas de Areito project. By the time Buena Vista Social Club™ was recorded in 1996, he had long retired but he re-emerged not only to grace those sessions but also to record two wonderfully elegant solo albums “Introducing” and “Chanchullo”, and to tour the world’s most prestigious concert stages. He died in 2003, at the age of 84.
One of the driving forces behind the Buena Vista Social Club™, Juan de Marcos González comes from a younger generation than most of its veteran stars, but it’s fair to say that the project could not have happened without him. From a famous musical family (his father sang with the legendary band leader Arsenio Rodríguez), his mission to keep alive the heritage of traditional Cuban music dates back to 1976, when as a young man of 22 he established the band Sierra Maestra. They went on to record 14 albums making their international debut with “Dundunbanza” on World Circuit in 1994. In 1996 he realised a long held ambition to record his Afro Cuban All Stars which included such musicians as Rubén González, Guajiro Mirabal and Pio Leyva. The day after completing that album he worked with Ry Cooder and Nick Gold to assemble the Buena Vista family of musicians. He has recorded further albums with The Afro Cuban All Stars and led them on extensive tours. He was band leader for Buena Vista Social Club™’s only concert appearances at Amsterdam’s Carre and New York’s Carnegie Hall theatres. He currently lives in Mexico City where he produces records and runs his own record label DM Ahora.
Born at a social club dance, Ibrahim Ferrer always believed it was his destiny to be a singer. Yet although he was the lead vocalist for bandleader Pacho Alonso in the 1950s, sang for the legendary Beny Moré and was lead singer with Los Bocucos, for much of his life his career was a story of disappointment. As a master vocalist in both son and bolero styles, he deserved to have been far better recoginsed than he was. At the time of the Buena Vista sessions, he was living in retirement, augmenting his pension by shining shoes. Invited to the Buena Vista sessions by Juan de Marcos González when a bolero singer was needed, he swiftly became a pivotal figure in the project. He toured extensively with his own band and that of Rubén González. His first solo album, “Buena Vista Social Club Presents™: Ibrahim Ferrer”, was released in 1999. It was followed in 2003 by “Buenos Hermanos” (like its predecessor produced by Ry Cooder), which won him a Grammy. (He was denied entry into the U.S.A. to collect the award). He died in 2005 just after completing a European tour and his final album, “Mi Sueño” (My Dream), appeared posthumously the following year.
Ry Cooder has had several fascinating musical careers. As a young guitar slinger for hire man he was a sought-after session player from the mid-1960’s and appeared on records by The Monkees, Captain Beefheart, Little Feat, Randy Newman and the Rolling Stones who – according to rumour – he almost joined. As a solo performer he made a string of acclaimed and eclectic albums between 1970-87 with strong roots in blues, folk,Tex-Mex and other vernacular American styles. At the same time, he worked as a film composer, scoring more than a dozen films, including Wim Wenders’ classic Paris, Texas (1984). In the 1990s he embarked on a series of Grammy-winning world music collaborations with V.M.Bhatt, Ali Farka Touré and, of course, the Buena Vista Social Club™ and Ibrahim Ferrer.
In 2005 he released “Chavez Ravine”, his first solo recording in 18 years. It was the start of one of the most prolific phases of his career for he’s since released two more with “My Name Is Buddy” (2007) and “I, Flathead” (2008). He was ranked number eight on Rolling Stone’s list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.